آخر تحديث - 22 ديسمبر 2020
Another group of agreements that are not included in the diagram is also important: the two multilateral agreements that have not been signed by all members: civil aircraft and public procurement. When WTO countries agree to open their markets to goods or services, they bind their commitments. For products, these links are caps for tariffs. Sometimes countries tax imports at rates below the rates committed. This is often the case in developing countries. In industrialized countries, rates actually calculated and rates linked are generally the same. There is no legally binding agreement setting tariff reduction targets (for example. B of the percentage they should be reduced as a result of the Uruguay Round). The most important results of the Uruguay Round are the 22,500 pages that list each country`s commitments on certain categories of goods and services. These include commitments to reduce and withhold their tariffs on imports of goods.
In some cases, tariffs are reduced to zero. The number of bound tariffs, which are WTO-linked and difficult to increase, has also increased significantly. The Uruguay Round package has been improved. On 26 March 1997, 40 countries, representing more than 92% of the world`s INFORMATION technology trade, agreed to abolish import tariffs and other taxes on these products by the year 2000 (in some cases until 2005). As with other customs obligations, each participating country applies its commitments in the same way to the exports of all WTO members (i.e. on the basis of the most advantaged countries), including members who have not made commitments. Progress on divergences between industrialized and major developing countries on issues such as industrial tariffs and non-tariff barriers, particularly against and between the EU and the United States, on the maintenance of agricultural subsidies, which act effectively as trade barriers. Repeated attempts to revive the talks have failed, although the adoption of the Bali Ministerial Declaration in 2013 has removed bureaucratic barriers to trade.  There will also be fewer products that have high tariffs. The share of imports from all sources of tariffs in industrialized countries will increase from 7% to 5%. The share of exports from developing countries, which face tariffs of more than 15% in industrialized countries, will increase from 9% to 5%.