آخر تحديث - 19 ديسمبر 2020
Turkey negotiates and concludes free trade agreements with third countries in parallel with the global trend towards free trade agreements and its commitment to the customs union. Under the EU common tariff, preferential trade regimes are the most important part of trade policy towards third countries. The agreement covers trade in industrial products, fish and seafood products and processed agricultural products. The transition period ended on January 1, 1999. In addition, bilateral agricultural agreements have been concluded between the various EFTA states and Turkey, which are part of the instruments for creating the free trade area. Learn more about Canada`s trade and investment agreements: types of contracts and the gradual development of trade and investment agreements. The following agreements have been replaced by the customs union between the European Union and Turkey: without prejudice to the WTO provisions, the customs union between Turkey and the EU provides an important legal basis for Turkish free trade agreements. Within the framework of the customs union, Turkey is directing its trade policy towards the EU`s common trade policy. This harmonization concerns both autonomous regimes and preferential agreements with third countries. Turkey is a member of the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership (Euromed) and should therefore conclude free trade agreements with all other Mediterranean partners in order to create a Euro-Mediterranean free trade area.
The EU has decided to focus on bilateral trade agreements as an instrument for boosting growth, with the introduction of its new “Global Europe” trade strategy in 2006. In line with this strategy, the EU has begun negotiating free trade agreements with specific provisions on services, investment, public procurement and intellectual property rights, in order to increase/maintain its competitiveness in global markets. Turkey is preparing for such an environment. After starting and starting negotiations in parallel with the EU, Turkey is also adapting to all the issues covered in the agreements and negotiating next-generation free trade agreements with its potential partners.